St Andrew's Secondary School > The Saints' Experience > CCAs - Holistic Development for your Child.

CCAs - Holistic Development for your Child.

Role of CCA

The Total Curriculum in schools comprises the Curriculum and the Co-Curriculum. Through the Total Curriculum, students receive a holistic education which provides them with balanced development across the moral, cognitive, social-emotional, physical and aesthetic domains. 

The Co-Curriculum complements the Curriculum. It consists of and provides students with experiential learning opportunities through programmes in:

Co-Curricular Activities (CCA),
Values in Action (VIA),
Student Leadership Development (SLD),
Enrichment and Lifeskills (ENL).


The Co-Curriculum is integral to the holistic development of students. Through the Co-Curriculum, students are provided with varied and authentic opportunities to develop character and competencies that are specific to and general across CCA, VIA, SLD and ENL. Learning that spans across the co-curricular programmes include core values, social-emotional competencies and the emerging 21st Century Competencies 

With experiential learning as its main delivery mode, learning in the Co-Curriculum is flexible, less scripted but nonetheless purposeful. The quality of the learning process is key to achieving the learning outcomes. Learning is based largely on action and reflection, may be open-ended, and can occur in a range of environments and situations—whether students are serving the community, organising a school event as a student leader, or on the field of competition or the performing stage.

When schools design and deliver a Co-Curriculum that caters to the learning and developmental needs of students, they provide a holistic education for their students.

Guiding Principles

The following principles guide schools on the planning and implementation of the Co-Curriculum:

a. Provide breadth of experiences
There should be a range and variety of programmes and activities to cater for holistic development and to broaden students’ learning. The range of programmes and activities should support students’ interests and promote self-directedness in learning. 

b. Ensure development and progression
The activities and learning experiences should be designed to deepen students’ development of knowledge and skills and be purposefully planned to support development of character, citizenship and achievement of the 21st Century student outcomes. 

c. Provide challenge and enjoyment
While the pursuit of excellence is important, the programmes and activities should provide a healthy balance of collaboration and allow for participation at different levels to promote students’ overall enjoyment. 

d. Promote social bonding and integration
The programmes and activities should present opportunities for building friendships and allow students to work as a team towards a common goal. They should promote social integration and cohesion.

Learning Outcomes

The Co-Curriculum learning outcomes specific to each co-curricular programme are discussed in the respective CCA, VIA, SDL and ENL chapters.

The 21st Century Competencies Framework and Student Outcomes constitute the broader learning outcomes that cut across co-curricular programmes: 


Key Programme Domains of the Co-Curriculum

The four key programme domains are: 

a. Co-Curricular Activities (CCA) Programmes:- Clubs and Societies (CS), Physical Sports (PS), Uniformed Groups (UG), Visual and Performing Arts (VPA)

This domain focuses on development of specific knowledge, skills and values based on the student's choice of CCA. CCA enables students to discover their interests and talents while providing a platform for friendships and social integration of students from diverse backgrounds. 

b. Student Leadership Development (SLD) Programmes
This domain focuses on the development of the student as an individual who can lead himself, work with others in a team and grow as a leader. In addition to student leadership programmes organised by the school to develop leadership and teamwork skills, learning experiences include leadership opportunities and appointments in class committees, school project teams, student-initiated activities, House system, CCA or Student Council. 

c. Values In Action (VIA) Programmes
This domain focuses on the student’s development as an individual who is socially responsible and understands his/her role in contributing to the well-being of others. It encompasses the activities under schools’ Values in Action (VIA) programmes. 

d. Enrichment and Lifeskills (ENL) Programmes
This domain focuses on providing breadth and overall balance to the student's co-curricular experience. Learning in this domain complements the learning in the earlier three domains as students are exposed to different experiences that broaden their horizons. These experiences come from the areas of Citizenship, Self-Management and Social Skills, Physical Activities and Sports, Aesthetics and Enterprise. 

The table below shows the breadth of activities catered for under the four Programme Domains:
Co-Curricular Activities (CCA) Programmes

Student Leadership Development (SLD) Programmes

Values in Action (VIA) Programmes

Enrichment and Lifeskills (ENL) Programmes

Clubs & Societies

Physical Sports

Uniformed Groups

Visual and Performing Arts
Leadership development activities:
  • Level-wide student leadership training / workshops organised by the school.
  • Level-wide leadership camps
  • Customised training, workshops and camps for segments of school leaders (e.g. for School Prefects, Student Councillors, CCA EXCO members,

Leadership opportunities:
  • Group Leader (for class, level-wide, school-wide projects)
  • Leadership of student-initiated projects / programmes
  • Appointment to class committee roles
  • Appointment to leadership roles in House/Student Council/CCA EXCO/Peer Support Leaders
Service within school:
  • Mentoring, peer group tutoring
  • Taking care of the eco-garden, corridors, canteen
  • Rendering service to peers or staff in the school
  • Making handicrafts to raise funds for the needy
  • Organising camps and orientation programmes for juniors

Service to wider community:
  • Rendering service to welfare and aged Homes
  • Rendering service to the museums, public libraries, Zoo, Bird Park
  • Teaching computer skills to senior citizens
  • Giving tuition under schemes organised by various voluntary groups
  • Enhancing the environment by adopting a beach or beautifying a park.
  • Taking on leadership roles in youth groups and Residents' Committees
  • Planning and celebrating important events in collaboration with the Community Development Council (CDC), Citizens' Consultative Committee (CCCs), Community Club Management Committees (CCMCs) and Town Councils
  • Collaborating with primary or secondary schools in fieldtrips,
  • Civil Defence talks Community Singing Cultural performances Heritage Trails Learning Journeys
  • NE Commemorative Days
  • Overseas Learning Journeys
  • Language Immersion Programme
  • Foreign exchange programme

Self-Management and Social Skills:
  • Career seminars
  • Work Experience Programme
  • Sexuality Education talks
  • Communication Skills workshops
  • Conversational Chinese and Malay

Physical Activities and Sports:
  • Recreational Sports clinics
  • Sports Education Programmes
  • Recreational Competitions

  • Arts Appreciation workshops
  • Film Appreciation workshops
  • Hip Hop Dancing

  • Creativity workshops; Innovation workshops
  • Problem-solving workshops
  • Outdoor activities, camping
*The examples of programmes and activities presented are not exhaustive. 

While each Programme Domain has its distinct place, they are not independent of one another in achieving the targeted learning outcomes. There will be areas of alignment and integration which allow for reinforcement of learning. For instance, CCA-based activities would inevitably incorporate aspects of SLD, VIA and ENL. As such, it is important to take a holistic view when planning for each programme domain of the Co-Curriculum.

CCA Grading Exercise for Graduating Batch

The CCA grading exercise for our graduating students will commence from end of 
1) April till end of July
2) July till September

CCA Grading Exercise for lower secondary 

The CCA grading exercise for lower secondary will commence from term 4. 
Students will poor CCA attendance (<50%) will be issued a letter of advise.